Bougainvillea is one of the most popular and appreciated plants, because if properly cared for, it can offer us a unique spectacle for many months of the year and beautify terraces and balconies.

This wonderful plant, originally from South America, grows best in a clay, terracotta or ceramic pot of at least 11 inches in diameter and in potting soil with 80% fertilizer and 20% sand to ensure good drainage. When growing bougainvilleas, we must not press the soil too hard, as this would make it less airy (and therefore less porous) and lead to greater water retention, which is harmful to the plant. Water the bougainvillea well after planting or transplanting. If your area is very wet or rainy, increase the amount of sand in the potting soil to ensure adequate drainage. Bougainvilleas need the potting soil to dry out between waterings.

  • Watering

Water the bougainvillea thoroughly to allow excess water to drain from the bottom of the pot. This process ensures that moisture reaches the roots. Allow the potting soil to dry out before watering again. Basically, you need to water once a week during the warm months and every 2-3 weeks in the fall and winter.

  • Pruning

Bougainvillea is a climber that needs support until it reaches a certain height, after which it can grow taller and not bend. Prune in early spring to keep bougainvilleas “compact” when planted in pots. This operation stimulates the formation of new flowers.

  • Flower

For more abundant flowering, plant bougainvillea in a pot that slightly restricts root growth, in full sun and avoid excessive watering. Bougainvillea blooms best when its roots are firm and attached to the pot.